Fawcett EJ, Power H, Fawcett JM. Women are at greater risk of OCD than men: a meta-analytic review of OCD prevalence worldwide. J Clin Psychiatry. 2020;81(4):13075.
Campbell K, Peebles R. Eating disorders in children and adolescents: state of the art review. Pediatrics. 2014;134(3):582–92.
Klump KL, Bulik CM, Kaye WH, Treasure J, Tyson E. Academy for eating disorders position paper: eating disorders are serious mental illnesses. Int J Eat Disord. 2009;42(2):97–103.
Pallister E, Waller G. Anxiety in the eating disorders: Understanding the overlap. Clin Psychol Rev. 2008;28(3):366–86.
Swinbourne J, Hunt C, Abbott M, Russell J, St Clare T, Touyz S. The comorbidity between eating disorders and anxiety disorders: prevalence in an eating disorder sample and anxiety disorder sample. Aust N Z J Psychiatry. 2012;46(2):118–31.
Drakes DH, Fawcett EJ, Rose JP, Carter-Major JC, Fawcett JM. Comorbid obsessive-compulsive disorder in individuals with eating disorders: an epidemiological meta-analysis. J Psychiatr Res. 2021;141:176–91.
Consortium B, Anttila V, Bulik-Sullivan B, Finucane HK, Walters RK, Bras J, et al. Analysis of shared heritability in common disorders of the brain. Science. 2018;360(6395):eaap8757.
Cederlöf M, Thornton LM, Baker J, Lichtenstein P, Larsson H, Rück C, et al. Etiological overlap between obsessive-compulsive disorder and anorexia nervosa: a longitudinal cohort, multigenerational family and twin study. World Psychiatry. 2015;14(3):333–8.
Mas S, Plana MT, Castro-Fornieles J, Gassó P, Lafuente A, Moreno E, et al. Common genetic background in anorexia nervosa and obsessive compulsive disorder: preliminary results from an association study. J Psychiatr Res. 2013;47(6):747–54.
Genomic relationships, novel loci, and pleiotropic mechanisms across eight psychiatric disorders—ScienceDirect [Internet]. [cited 2022 Aug 31]. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0092867419312760.
Swedo SE, Leonard HL, Garvey M, Mittleman B, Allen AJ, Perlmutter S, et al. Pediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorders associated with streptococcal infections: clinical description of the first 50 cases. Am J Psychiatry. 1998;155(2):264–71.
Swedo SE, Leckman JF, Rose NR. From research subgroup to clinical syndrome: modifying the PANDAS criteria to describe PANS (pediatric acute-onset neuropsychiatric syndrome). Pediatr Ther. 2012;2(2):113.
Orefici G, Cardona F, Cox CJ, Cunningham MW. Pediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorders associated with streptococcal infections (PANDAS). In: Ferretti JJ, Stevens DL, Fischetti VA, editors. Streptococcus pyogenes: Basic Biology to Clinical Manifestations [Internet]. Oklahoma: University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center; 2016. PMID: 26866234.
Sokol MS, Gray NS. Case study: an infection-triggered, autoimmune subtype of anorexia nervosa. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 1997;36(8):1128–33.
Toufexis MD, Hommer R, Gerardi DM, Grant P, Rothschild L, D’Souza P, et al. Disordered eating and food restrictions in children with PANDAS/PANS. J Child Adolesc Psychopharmacol. 2015;25(1):48–56.
Ajueze P, Shivakumar K, Saroka K. A complex case of anorexia nervosa associated with pediatric acute-onset neuropsychiatric disorder associated with streptococcal infection (PANDAS). In: Shivakumar K, Amanullah S, editors. Complex clinical conundrums in psychiatry: from theory to clinical management [Internet]. Cham: Springer; 2018. p. 219–22. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-70311-4_21.
Puxley F, Midtsund M, Iosif A, Lask B. PANDAS anorexia nervosa—endangered, extinct or nonexistent? Int J Eat Disord. 2008;41(1):15–21.
Strand M, von Hausswolff-Juhlin Y, Welch E. A systematic scoping review of diagnostic validity in avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder. Int J Eat Disord. 2019;52(4):331–60.
Singer HS, Giuliano JD, Zimmerman AM, Walkup JT. Infection: a stimulus for tic disorders. Pediatr Neurol. 2000;22(5):380–3.
Kilbertus S, Brannan R, Sell E, Doja A. No cases of PANDAS on follow-up of patients referred to a pediatric movement disorders clinic. Front Pediatr. 2014;2:104.
Jaspers-Fayer F, Han SHJ, Chan E, McKenney K, Simpson A, Boyle A, et al. Prevalence of acute-onset subtypes in pediatric obsessive-compulsive disorder. J Child Adolesc Psychopharmacol. 2017;27(4):332–41.
Coelho JS, Lee T, Karnabi P, Burns A, Marshall S, Geller J, et al. Eating disorders in biological males: clinical presentation and consideration of sex differences in a pediatric sample. J Eat Disord. 2018;6:40.
de Onis M, Onyango AW, Borghi E, Siyam A, Nishida C, Siekmann J. Development of a WHO growth reference for school-aged children and adolescents. Bull World Health Organ. 2007;85(9):660–7.
American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders: DSM-5. 5th ed. Washington D.C.: American Psychiatric Association; 2013. p. 947.
IBM Spss Statistics for Macintosh. Armonk. New York: IBM Corporation; 2013.
Keys A, Brozek J, Henschel A, Mickelsen O, Taylor HL. The biology of human starvation, vol. II. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press; 1950.
Fairburn CG, Cooper Z, O’Connor M. The eating disorder examination. Int J Eat Disord. 1993;6:1–8.
Ciao AC, Lebow J, VandenLangenberg E, Ohls O, Berg KC. A qualitative examination of adolescent and parent perspectives on early identification and early response to eating disorders. Eat Disord. 2022;30(3):249–66.
Westwell-Roper C, Stewart SE. Commentary: neurobiology and therapeutic potential of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitors for inflammation in neuropsychiatric disorders. Front Psych. 2020;11:264.
Breithaupt L, Köhler-Forsberg O, Larsen JT, Benros ME, Thornton LM, Bulik CM, et al. Association of exposure to infections in childhood with risk of eating disorders in adolescent girls. JAMA Psychiatry. 2019;76(8):800–9.