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Table 2 Body Image and behaviors for eating disorders in the studied groups

From: Amateur ballet practicing, body image and eating behaviors: a comparative study of classical ballet dancers, gym users and sedentary women

Body Image Total
n (%)
Ballet dancers
n (%)
Gym users
n (%)
Sedentary women
n (%)
Chi-square, p value
Concern with body image (BSQ)
Not concerned 20 (35.7) 9 (47.4) 7 (38.9) 4 (21.1)  
Slightly concerned 20 (35.7) 6 (31.6) 7 (38.9) 7 (36.8) .373
Moderately concerned 9 (16.1) 3 (15.8) 3 (16.7) 3 (15.8)  
Extremely concerned 7 (12.5) 1 (5.3) 1 (5.3) 5 (26.3)  
Total 56 (100.0) 19 (100.0) 18 (100.0) 19 (100.0)  
Figure rating scale
Presence of body image distortion1 43 (84.3) 12 (75.0) 14 (87.5) 17 (89.5) .460
Perceives herself to be smaller than she is 8 (18.6) 2 (16.7) 4 (28.6) 2 (11.8)  
Perceives herself to be bigger than she is 35 (81.4) 10 (83.3) 10 (71.4) 15 (88.2) .479
Total 43 (100.0) 12 (100.0) 14 (100.0) 17 (100.0)
Presence of body image dissatisfaction2 43 (82.7) 12 (75.0) 12 (70.6) 19 (100.0) .041
Wants to look smaller than she thinks she is 31 (72.1) 11 (91.7) 6 (50.0) 14 (73.7)
Wants to look bigger than she thinks she is 12 (27.9) 1 (8.3) 6 (50.0) 5 (26.3) .074
Total 43 (100.0) 12 (100.0) 12 (100.0) 19 (100.0)  
Eating disorders
EAT-26
Negative 48 (85.7) 16 (84.2) 17 (94.4) 15 (78.9)  
Positive 8 (14.3) 3 (15.8) 1 (5.6) 4 (21.1) .393
Total 56 (100.0) 19 (100.0) 18 (100.0) 19 (100.0)  
BITE .044
Symptoms scale
Absence of compulsive eating 33 (57.9) 15 (78.9) 12 (63.2) 6 (31.6)
Unusual eating pattern 21 (36.8) 3 (15.8) 6 (31.6) 12 (63.2)
Highly disordered eating pattern 3 (5.3) 1 (5.3) 1 (5.3) 1 (5.3)
Total 57 (100.0) 19 (100.0) 19 (100.0) 19 (100.0)
Severity scale
Clinically significant 6 (100.0) 0 (0.0) 1 (100.0) 5 (100.0)  
High degree of severity 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) *
Total 6 (100.0) 0 (0.0) 1 (100.0) 5 (100.0)  
  1. 1Body image distortion was considered when the calculated BMI was not compatible with the BMI range estimated by the participant using the FRS. 2Body image dissatisfaction was considered when the silhouette stated as the current body was different from the one indicated she would like to be.
  2. BSQ Body shape questionnaire, EAT-26 eating attitudes test, BITE bulimic investigatory test, Edinburgh.
  3. *Not applicable