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Table 2 Numbers above clinical cut-offs and mean scores in Compulsive Exercise Test (CET), Symptom Check List (SCL-10), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), and Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire (EDE-Q) Scores among Female and Male Fitness Instructors

From: Compulsive exercise and mental health challenges in fitness instructors; presence and interactions

Variable All
(n = 270)
Men
(n = 59)
Women
(n = 211)
Mean diff. 95% CI mean diff. p Hedges g
  n (%) n (%) n (%)     
CET ≥ 15 24 (9) 2 (3) 22 (11) - - 0.228 -
SCL-10 ≥ 1.85 42 (16) 6 (10) 36 (17) - - 0.138 -
BDI ≥ 21 15 (6) 3 (5) 12 (6) - - 0.954 -
EDE-Q ≥ 2.5 29 (11) 2 (3) 27 (13) - - 0.030 -
  Mean ± SD Mean ± SD Mean ± SD     
CET. Total score 11.50 ± 2.39 10.58 ± 1.99 11.78 ± 2.41 1.20 0.53, 1.88 0.001 -0.52
CET, Subscales:
Avoidance 1.65 ± 0.97 1.40 ± 0.79 1.72 ± 1.00 0.32 0.07, 0.57 0.010 -0.33
Weight Control 1.86 ± 0.91 1.64 ± 0.69 1.93 ± 0.95 0.29 0.07, 0.52 0.009 -0.32
Mood Improvement 4.03 ± 0.80 3.59 ± 0.93 4.16 ± 0.71 0.57 0.34, 0.79 0.000 -0.75
Lack of Exercise Enjoyment 0.77 ± 0.60 0.71 ± 0.64 0.79 ± 0.59 0.07 -0.10, 0.25 0.406 -0.13
Exercise Rigidity 3.17 ± 0.80 3.22 ± 0.86 3.16 ± 0.89 0.06 -0.31, 0.19 0.641 0.07
SCL-10, Total Score 1.47 ± 0.51 1.32 ± 0.45 1.52 ± 0.52 0.19 0.04, 0.34 0.012 -0.40
BDI, Total Score 6.34 ± 6.33 5.03 ± 5.65 6.71 ± 6.49 1.67 -0.15, 3.50 0.073 -0.27
EDE-Q, Global score 0.65 ± 1.13 0.44 ± 0.79 0.73 ± 1.21 0.29 - 0.020 -
EDE-Q, Subscales:
Weight concern 1.17 ± 1.22 0.77 ± 0.84 1.29 ± 1.29 0.52 0.23, 0.81 0.000 -0.43
Restraint 0.98 ± 1.15 0.85 ± 1.03 1.02 ± 1.19 0.17 -0.16, 0.51 0.321 -0.15
Eating concern 0.43 ± 0.81 0.13 ± 0.32 0.52 ± 0.89 0.39 0.24, 0.55 0.000 -0.49
Shape concern 1.37 ± 1.31 0.94 ± 1.00 1.49 ± 1.37 0.55 0.22, 0.88 0.001 -0.42
  1. EDE-Q total score is presented as median ± interquartile range