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Table 5 Comparisons of eating attitudes and disordered eating behaviors in gender-expansive individuals (N = 988) to transgender men (N = 312) and transgender women (N = 172) from Nagata et al. (2020) [20] in The PRIDE Study

From: Community norms for the Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire (EDE-Q) among gender-expansive populations

  Gender-expansive individuals from The PRIDE Study Transgender men from The PRIDE Study [20]   Gender-expansive individuals from The PRIDE Study Transgender women from The PRIDE Study [20]  
Eating Attitudes Mean (standard deviation) T-test p Mean (standard deviation) T-test p
 EDE-Q Restraint 1.24 (1.49) 1.33 (1.42) −0.98 .326 1.24 (1.49) 1.75 (1.62) −3.87 < .001*
 EDE-Q EC 1.02 (1.26) 0.87 (1.19) 1.85 .065 1.02 (1.26) 0.87 (1.12) 1.38 .168
 EDE-Q WC 2.18 (1.63) 2.06 (1.61) 1.20 .230 2.18 (1.63) 2.27 (1.63) −0.63 .526
 EDE-Q SC 2.58 (1.65) 2.65 (1.61) −0.62 .539 2.58 (1.65) 3.00 (1.68) −3.09 .002*
 EDE-Q Global 1.76 (1.33) 1.73 (1.28) 0.34 .732 1.76 (1.33) 1.98 (1.33) −1.99 .047
Disordered eating behaviors Any occurrence (%) Z-test p Any occurrence (%) Z-test p
 Dietary restraint 23.0 25.5 0.97 .334 23.0 27.9 1.40 .161
 Objective binge episodes 12.9 11.2 0.76 .446 12.9 12.8 0.02 .982
 Self-induced vomiting 1.4 1.6 a .789 1.4 1.7 a .729
 Laxative misuse 1.2 0.3 a .322 1.2 0.6 a .730
 Excessive exercise 7.4 8.0 0.36 .716 7.4 8.1 0.35 .730
  1. Any occurrence was defined as ≥1 episode in the past 28 days. EDE-Q scores were compared using independent samples t-tests. Proportions of disordered eating behaviors were compared with Z-tests or Fisher’s exact tests
  2. EDE-Q Eating Disorder Examination-Questionnaire, EDE-Q EC Eating Concern subscale, EDE-Q WC Weight Concern subscale, EDE-Q SC Shape Concern subscale, EDE-Q Global Global score
  3. * p < .005 (after Bonferroni correction)
  4. a Fisher’s exact test