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Table 2 Echocardiographic data between patients and controls at admission

From: Echocardiographic abnormalities in 124 severely malnourished adult anorexia nervosa patients: frequency and relationship with body composition and biological features

  Patients (n = 124) Controls (n = 29) p
BMI (kg/m2) 12 ± 2 21 ± 3 < 0.001
Age (Y) 32 ± 3 32 ± 10 NS
LVEF (%) 63 ± 10 66 ± 7 0.03
LV Mass (g) 74.8 ± 23.4 110.77 ± 32.17 < 0.001
LV Mass Indexed(g/m2) 43.20 ± 12.22 46.83 ± 10.77 0.07
LVEDD (mm) 38 ± 5 44 ± 5 < 0.001
IVS (mm) 6.92 + 1.39 7.73 ± 1.39 0.08
PW (mm) 7.3 ± 1.34 8.31 ± 1.38 0.07
TAPSE (mm) 16.66 ± 3.95 22.8 ± 2.8 < 0.001
Peak RV Sm velocity (cm/s) 14 ± 3 19 ± 3 < 0.001
Peak LV septal Sm velocity (cm/s) 10 ± 2 14 ± 2 < 0.001
Peak LV lateral Sm velocity (cm/s) 12 ± 3 16 ± 3 < 0.001
Peak RV Ea velocity (cm/s) 14 ± 3 21 ± 4 < 0.001
Peak LV septal Ea velocity (cm/s) 13 ± 3 18 ± 2 < 0.001
Peak LV lateral Ea velocity (cm/s) 12 ± 3 22 ± 4 < 0.001
  1. Data are expressed as mean + SD or number (percentage)
  2. p p-value, NS Not Significant, BMI Body Mass Index, Y Years, LVEF Left Ventricular ejection fraction, LV mass Left Ventricular Mass, LV Mass Indexed Left Ventricular Mass Indexed, LVEDD Left Ventricular End Diastolic Diameter, IVS End Diastolic Left Ventricular Septal Thickness, PW End-Diastolic Posterior Wall Tickness, TAPSE Tricuspid Annular Planeystolic Displacement, RV Right Ventricle, LV Left Ventricle, Sm Systolic Myocardial Velocity recorded withTissue Doppler Imaging; Ea: Early Diastolic Myocardial Velocity recorded with Tissue Doppler Imaging