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Table 2 Summary of studies with focus on eating disorder symptoms in the Arab world

From: Eating disorders in the Arab world: a literature review

Country/ Population Authors (year) Participants Study design Measures Eating disorder symptoms
Egypt Dolan & Ford (1991) [11] N = 218, mean age = 20, university students Cross sectional BSQ
Restraint scale
Binge scale
Binge eating: female 82%, male 76%
Jordan Mousa, Mashal, Al-Domi, & Jibril (2010) [84] N = 326, female, age: 10–16 Cross sectional EAT 26
BSQ
Binge eating: 33%
Jordan Mousa, Al-Domi, Mashal, & Jibril (2010) [77] N = 432, female, age: 10–16 Cross sectional EAT 26
BSQ
Eating habits questionnaire
Binge eating: 16.9%, self-induced vomiting: 11%
Kuwait El-Ghazali, Ibrahim, Kanari, & Ismail (2010) [92] N = 320, 223 male, 97 female, mean age = 21.1 Cross sectional Questionnaire for emotional eating (self- developed) Emotional eating: female: 85.6%, male: 87.9%
Lebanon Yahia, El- Ghazale, Achkar, & Rizk (2011) [93] N = 252, female, students Cross sectional BSQ Laxatives: 8%, diet pills: 4%
Lebanon Zeeni, Gharibeh, & Katsounari (2013) [23] N = 400, female, university students in Cyprus (n = 200) and Lebanon (n = 200) Cross sectional Dutch eating behavior questionnaire Restrained eating Lebanese students: 30%
Jordan Afifi- Soweid, Najem Kteily, & Shedia- Rizkallah (2001) [94] N = 954, mean age = 18, university students Cross sectional Self-developed questionnaire Binge eating: 4.9%, secretly overeating: 3.7%
Jordan Mousa, Mashal, Al-Domi, & Jibril (2010) [84] N = 326, female, age: 10–16 Cross sectional EAT 26 Restrained: 40.5%
Oman Al Adawi et al., (2002) [29] N = 293, 106 teenagers, mean age = 15.12, 100 adults, mean age = 38.71, 87 Western teenagers resided in Oman, mean age = 15.10 Cross sectional EAT
Bulimic Investigatory Test
Binge eating: Omani teenagers 14%, Western teenagers 18%
Restrained: 33% Omani teenagers, 9% Western teenagers
Palestinians residing in the Northern and Haifa district Latzer, Azaiza, & Tzischinsky (2009) [70] N = 928, female, age: 12–18, 81.2% Islamic, 11.2% Christian, 7.6% Druze Cross sectional EAT 26 Laxatives: 7%, self-induced vomiting: 8%
UAE Schulte (2016) [90] N = 236
Mean age = 19.78
Cross sectional Body esteem scale
Emotional eating scale
Weight and body related shame and guilt scale
Body esteem scale: 24.4–35.6%
Binge eating: moderate binge eating 16.9–24.9%, severe binge eating 6.4–13.2%,
Emotional eating scale: emotional eating 23–24.5%
  1. Note: BSQ Body Shape Questionnaire, EAT Eating Attitude Test