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Table 1 Principal differences between family-based treatment (FBT) and enhanced cognitive behavior therapy (CBT-E)

From: A conceptual comparison of family-based treatment and enhanced cognitive behavior therapy in the treatment of adolescents with eating disorders

 FBTCBT-E
Conceptualization of eating disordersThe problem belongs to the entire family
The illness is separated from the patient
The problem belongs to the individual
It does not separate the illness from the patient
Adolescent’s involvementNot actively involvedActively involved
Parents’ involvementVitally importantUseful but not essential
Treatment teamMultidisciplinarySingle therapist
Sessions (n)18 family sessions
Sessions with the consulting team (paediatrician or nurse) in case of need for hospitalization (~  15%)
20 individual sessions (non-underweight patients)
30–40 individual sessions (underweight patients)