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Table 1 Sociodemographic features and BMI classification by self-reported diabetes (SRD) in the South Australian population, 2017

From: Associations between self-reported diabetes mellitus, disordered eating behaviours, weight/shape overvaluation, and health-related quality of life

VariablesSRDNo SRDχ2 (p)Post-hoc
 n (%)  
Gender  0.01 (0.905)
 Male166 (49.1)1287 (48.8)  
 Female172 (50.9)1352 (51.2)  
Household incomea  37.17 (<.001)
 Less than $60 K176 (60.9)849 (41.9) 
 More than $60 K113 (39.1)1078 (58.1) 
Highest educational attainment  15.08 (0.005) 
 Still at school0 (0.0)103 (3.9) No SRD > SRD
 Left school126 (37.7)887 (33.6) 
 Trade qualification41 (12.1)298 (11.3) 
 Certificate91 (26.9)678 (25.7) 
 Bachelor80 (23.7)670 (25.4) 
Area of residence  8.85 (0.003) 
 Metropolitan230 (68.0)1993 (75.5) 
 Country108 (32.0)646 (24.5) 
BMI classificationb  103.49 (<.001) 
 Low weight2 (0.6)49 (1.8) 
 Adequate weight61 (19.0)1020 (41.4) No SRD > SRD
 Overweight114 (35.5)862 (35.0) 
 Obesity144 (44.9)530 (21.5) SRD > No SRD
  1. aCategorization of the variable was defined from the household income median
  2. bBMI classification for adults: low weight (< 18.5 kg/m2); adequate weight (18.5–24.9 kg/m2); overweight (25–29.9 kg/m2) and obesity (> 30 kg/m2). For adolescents: low weight (Z-score < − 2); adequate weight (Z-score ≥ − 2 and ≤ 1); overweight (Z-score > 1 and ≤ 2) and obesity (Z-score > 2)