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Table 4 Prevalence of and odds ratios for risk of disordered eating attitudes according to EAT-26 and Subscale Scores (N = 400)

From: Disordered eating attitudes correlate with body dissatisfaction among Kuwaiti male college students

Risk factor Category % OR [95% CI] p
Dependent variable: at risk of disordered eating attitudes (EAT-26 ≥ 20)
 BMI category BMI 18.5–24.9 39.9 1  
BMI < 18.5 31.6 0.69 [0.25, 1.91] .482
BMI 25–29.9 50.8 1.55 [0.98, 2.44] .057
BMI ≥ 30 57.7 2.06 [1.17, 3.60] .011
 Muscle mass satisfaction Satisfied 44.3 1  
Desire to increase 44.3 1 [0.651, 1.54] .989
Desire to decrease 64.1 2.241 [1.073, 4.7] .032
 Body fat satisfaction Satisfied 37.1 1  
Desire to increase 37.8 1.030 [0.509, 2.082] .936
Desire to decrease 52.8 1.898 [1.214, 2.967] .005
Dependent variable: EAT-26 Dieting subscale
 BMI category BMI 18.5–24.9 12.4 1  
BMI < 18.5 10.5 0.834 [0.18, 3.85] .817
BMI 25–29.9 20.5 1.823 [0.99, 3.37] .056
BMI ≥ 30 22.5 2.063 [1.01, 4.2] .047
 Muscle mass satisfaction Satisfied 19.8 1  
Desire to increase 13.5 1.59 [0.355, 1.115] .112
Desire to decrease 25.6 1.393 [0.603, 3.217] .438
 Body fat satisfaction Satisfied 16.9 1  
Desire to increase 20 1.226 [0.515, 2.92] .645
Desire to decrease 16 .935 [0.520, 1.681] .823
Dependent variable: EAT-26 Bulimia subscale
 BMI category BMI 18.5–24.9 9.6 1  
BMI < 18.5 5.3 0.52 [0.06, 4.19] .544
BMI 25–29.9 12.1 1.30 [0.63, 2.69] .469
BMI ≥ 30 15.5 1.73 [0.76, 3.92] .184
 Muscle mass satisfaction Satisfied 9.9 1  
Desire to increase 10 1 [0.493, 2.065] .981
Desire to decrease 23.1 2.7 [1.064, 6.969] .037
 Body fat satisfaction Satisfied 14.5 1  
Desire to increase 11.1 0.736 [0.256, 2.11] .569
Desire to decrease 9.5 0.620 [0.319, 1.206] .159
Dependent variable: EAT-26 Oral control subscale (anorexic tendencies)
 BMI category BMI 18.5–24.9 21.9 1  
BMI < 18.5 47.4 2.56 [1.08, 6.04] .018
BMI 25–29.9 15.9 8.22 [2.49, 27.0] .188
BMI ≥ 30 9.9 1.73 [0.69, 4.29] .031
 Muscle mass satisfaction Satisfied 16.8 1  
Desire to increase 18.7 1.139 [0.647, 2] .651
Desire to decrease 28.2 1.946 [0.845, 4.484] .118
 Body fat satisfaction Satisfied 22.6 1  
Desire to increase 37.8 2.082 [0.998, 4.342] .051
Desire to decrease 13.4 0.531 [0.302, 0.936] .029
  1. EAT-26 eating attitudes test, BMI body mass index, OR odds ratio, CI confidence interval. The third column indicates the prevalence of risk, as indicated by each dependent variable, within each category of the relevant risk factor. Odds ratios with p < .05 are taken to indicate significant differences in risk