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Table 1 Anthropometrics and EAT-26 scores (N = 400)

From: Disordered eating attitudes correlate with body dissatisfaction among Kuwaiti male college students

Independent variables Total n (%) or M (SD) EAT-26 categories
At risk of disordered eating attitudes (n = 185, 46.2%) Not at risk of disordered eating attitudes (n = 215, 53.8%) t(d.f.), p, d or χ2 test
Age (years) 21.9 (3.2) 22.1 (3.18) 21.76 (3.2) 1.07 (398), .28, .106
Self-reported weight (kg) 79 (16.9) 81.75 (17.6) 76.64 (15.9) 3.04 (398), .002, .304
Self-reported height (cm) 174.8 (7) 175.17 (6.99) 174.56 (7.0) 0.85 (398), .391, .087
Body mass index (BMI) 25.8 (5.3) 26.6 (5.7) 25.1 (4.9) 2.9 (398), .004, .174
BMI category (n)
 Underweight (BMI < 18.5) 19 (4.8%) 6 (3.2%) 13 (6%) χ2(3) = 9.39, p < .024
 Normal weight (18.5 ≤ BMI ≤ 24.9) 178 (44.5%) 71 (38.4%) 107 (49.8%)
 Overweight (25 ≤ BMI ≤ 29.9) 132 (33%) 67 (36.2%) 65 (30.2%)
 Obese (BMI ≥ 30) 71 (17.8%) 41 (22.2%) 30 (14%)
Eating attitudes
 EAT-26 (total score) 20.4 (14.1) 32.7 (10.8) 9.87 (5.1) 27.58 (398), .004, .80
 EAT-26 Dieting (score) 10.99 (8.0) 17.8 (6.0) 5.1 (3.8) 25.5 (398), < .001, .78
 EAT-26 Bulimia (score) 3.85 (3.9) 6.6 (3.96) 1.48 (1.8) 17.1 (398), < .001, .56
 EAT-26 Oral control (score) 5.6 (4.28) 8.3 (4.12) 3.27 (2.8) 14.5 (398), < .001, .58
Nationality (n)
 Kuwaiti 339 (84.8%) 162 (87.6%) 177 (82.3%) χ2(1) = 2.11, p < .146
 Non-Kuwaiti 61 (15.3%) 23 (12.4%) 38 (17.7%)
University type (n)
 Public 200 (50%) 85 (45.9%) 115 (53.5%) χ2(1) = 2.26, p < .160
 Private 200 (50%) 100 (54.1%) 100 (56.5%)
Major field of study (n)
 Science-related 200 (50%) 77 (41.6%) 123 (57.2%) χ2(1) = 9.66, p < .003
 Arts-related 200 (50%) 108 (58.4%) 92 (42.8%)
Muscle mass satisfaction (n)
 Satisfied 131 (32.8%) 58 (31.4%) 73 (34%) χ2(2) = 5.54, p < .063
 Desire to increase 230 (57.5%) 102 (55.1%) 128 (59.5%)
 Desire to decrease 39 (9.8%) 25 (13.5%) 14 (6.5%)
Body fat satisfaction (n)
 Satisfied 124 (31%) 46 (24.9%) 78 (36.3%) χ2(2) = 9.48, p < .009
 Desire to increase 45 (11.2%) 17 (9.2%) 28 (13%)
 Desire to decrease 231 (57.8%) 122 (65.9%) 109 (50.2%)
  1. EAT-26 = Eating Attitudes Test. Pearson’s chi-squared test was used to compare the prevalence of the risk of disordered eating between groups in relation to BMI category, nationality, type of university, and major field of study