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Table 2 Means, standard deviations M(SD) and comparisons between CE and non-CE patients on ED symptoms, patient characteristics and clinical features, in women and men separately. Effect sizes reported for significant results, meaningful effects (≥ small) in bold. N varies for each analysis due to missing data in one or more variables

From: Running on empty – a nationwide large-scale examination of compulsive exercise in eating disorders

  Women Men
Analysis N CE Non-CE F η 2 partial Analysis N CE Non-CE F η 2 partial
EDE-Q Global 8740 4.2 (1.0) 3.6 (1.3) 522.73*** .056 334 3.6 (1.1) 3.0 (1.3) 18.50*** .053
Restraint 8740 4.0 (1.3) 3.1 (1.7) 771.73*** .081 334 3.4 (1.5) 2.6 (1.7) 19.90*** .057
Binge frequency 4870 11.0 (10.7) 12.8 (12.1) 32.42*** .007 181 11.8 (11.9) 12.6 (14.4) .18  
Purge frequency 4257 16.2 (17.8) 20.8 (23.8) 51.53*** .012 121 19.5 (21.5) 26.3 (33.7) 1.72  
Patient characteristics Age 8740 25.3 (7.1) 27.1 (8.9) 109.16*** .012 334 27.9 (9.6) 27.7 (10.1) .13  
Age at onset 4193 16.2 (4.5) 16.1 (5.3) .06   178 20.1 (8.0) 17.4 (5.6) 7.18** .039
Duration 4193 9.2 (7.8) 11.3 (9.4) 57.57*** .014 178 8.0 (8.0) 10.1 (10.7) 2.16  
BMI 8736 21.4 (4.2) 22.9 (7.2) 141.22*** .016 334 23.4 (6.3) 24.5 (9.0) 1.64  
CPRS Depressiveness 8740 11.1 (4.7) 10.6 (4.8) 23.60*** .003 334 10.4 (4.9) 9.9 (4.8) .88  
Anxiety 8740 10.0 (4.3) 9.5 (4.3) 21.96*** .003 334 8.9 (4.4) 8.7 (4.2) .15  
Compulsivity 8740 9.6 (4.3) 9.0 (4.3) 52.92*** .006 334 9.2 (4.6) 8.4 (4.5) 2.79  
Suicidality 8735 1.7 (1.4) 1.6 (1.5) 2.47   332 1.6 (1.4) 1.6 (1.5) <.01  
SASB Self-esteem 8740 −15.6 (34.5) −12.2 (36.4) 19.66*** .002 334 −5.0 (39.3) −2.0 (39.1) .51  
Negative perfectionism 8740 60.0 (22.5) 55.2 (23.7) 94.97*** .011 334 54.3 (24.4) 48.3 (24.4) 5.00* .015
  1. * = p < .05; ** = p < .01; *** = p < .001. CE compulsive exercise, ED eating disorder, EDE-Q Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire, CPRS Comprehensive Psychopathological Rating Scale, SASB Structural Analysis of Social Behavior. Binge and purge frequency reported for the last 28 days