Volume 3 Supplement 1

Proceedings of the 2015 Australia and New Zealand Academy for Eating Disorders (ANZAED) Conference: Riding the Waves to Recovery

Open Access

Does puberty moderate the relationship between personality and eating disorders?

  • Chiara Paganini1,
  • Gregory Peterson1,
  • Matthew Fuller-Tyszkiewicz2,
  • Marija Anderluh3,
  • David Collier4,
  • Fernando Fernandez-Aranda5,
  • Andreas Karwautz6,
  • Gudrun Wagner6,
  • Nadia Micali7,
  • Janet Treasure4 and
  • Isabel Krug8Email author
Journal of Eating Disorders20153(Suppl 1):O26

https://doi.org/10.1186/2050-2974-3-S1-O26

Published: 23 November 2015

Aim

To investigate the moderating effect of timing and attitudes towards puberty on personality traits and severity of eating disorder (ED) symptomatology in a clinical ED sample and to assess whether differences existed between Anorexia Nervosa (AN) and Bulimia Nervosa (BN) patients.

Method

354 ED patients [AN-Restrictive (AN-R) =109, AN-Binge Purging A(n-BP) =168 and BN=77]. Pubertal risk factors were assessed through the ORFI and the EATATE. ED symptom severity was assessed through the EDI-2 and personality through the TCI-R temperament scales: Novelty Seeking, Harm Avoidance, Reward Dependency and Persistence.

Result

A range of pubertal risk factors significantly moderated the relationship between temperaments and ED severity. In particular, the relationship between TCI-Novelty Seeking and ED severity was found to be positively moderated by a negative attitude toward menstruation (p<0.01) and negatively moderated by earlier breast development (p<0.05). Similarly, the relationships between TCI-Harm Avoidance, TCI-Reward Dependency and TCI-Persistence and ED severity were found to be positively moderated by an earlier age of menarche and negatively moderated by a negative attitude towards breast development (p<0.05). Regarding ED subtypes, the only significant findings were obtained for AN-R patients.

Conclusion

These findings suggest that puberty moderates temperaments and consequent ED severity. The assessment of personality provides important insights into which girls struggle more with pubertal development and are at increased risk of EDs.

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
University of Tasmania
(2)
Deakin University
(3)
University of Ljubljana
(4)
King's College
(5)
University of Barcelona
(6)
University of Vienna
(7)
University College London
(8)
University of Melbourne

Copyright

© Paganini et al. 2015

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

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