A new phenotype of anorexia nervosa: the changing shape of eating disorders
© Whitelaw et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2013
Published: 14 November 2013
Background and aims
Adolescents are increasingly referred to our specialist eating disorder (ED) program having lost large amounts of weight and having the diagnostic features of anorexia nervosa (AN) with the exception of underweight. Many of these adolescents with EDNOS-AN[wt] were premorbidly overweight. We aimed to identify the changing prevalence of this phenotype from 2005-2010 in an inpatient sample, and compare the associated complications with adolescents with AN.
A 6-year retrospective cohort study was undertaken of adolescents admitted to hospital for the first time for refeeding. All patients met DSM-IV diagnostic criteria for AN (N=72) or EDNOS-AN[wt] (N=28). Baseline medical data are reported.
In 2005, EDNOS-AN[wt] represented 7.7% of first admissions, rising 6-fold to 46.0% by 2010. Hypophosphataemia (< 1.10mmol/L) developed in 38.9% of AN and 28.6% of EDNOS-AN[wt] inpatients. Bradycardia (pulse rates <50 bpm) occurred in 33.3% of AN and 46.4% of EDNOS-AN[wt] patients, while pulse rates < 40 bpm occurred in 25.0% and 32.0% respectively.
A dramatic increase in the proportion of adolescents admitted with EDNOS-AN[wt] is evident. The rate of severe medical complications is concerning, and suggests that significant weight loss can be life-threatening in adolescents, even when they are not underweight.
This abstract was presented in the Anorexia Nervosa – Characteristics and Treatment stream of the 2013 ANZAED Conference.
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