The correlates of diagnostic instability in eating disorders: the role of psychopathology, environmental risk factors, personality and genes
© Krug et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2013
Published: 14 November 2013
To assess the occurrence of diagnostic cross-over in Eating Disorders (EDs) and assess its relationship with psychopathology, environmental risk factors, personality and genes.
Participants were 316 ED patients. The EATATE part 1 (a semi-structured interview) was used to examine diagnostic cross-over in EDs. The Eating Disorder Inventory (EDI-2), Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI-R), Oxford Risk Factor Interview (ORFI), the EATATE part 2 [used to assess obsessive-compulsive personality (OCPD) traits and impulsive behaviours] and four candidate genes (5-HT2A, BDNF, 5-HTTLPR, DRD4) were used to assess differences in cross-over patterns.
The majority of ED patients (65%) presented with diagnostic instability. The most commom cross-over change (23.42%) was from Anorexia Nervosa Restrictive (AN-R) subtype to a bulimic disorder. Significant differences across four ED cross-over groups [1.) AN-R to bulimic disorder; 2.) bulimic disorder to AN-R (5.6%); 3.) threshold ED to EDNOS (10.76%); 4.) EDNOS to threshold ED (6.7%)], a stable group (34.5%) and a remitted group (18.67%) were obtained the EDI bulimia, asceticism and impulse regulation subscales, the TCI-R self-directideness and cooperativeness subscales, childhood OCPD traits and impulsive behaviours (p<.05). No significant associations were found for environmental risk factors, the four candidate genes and diagnostic cross-over.
The findngs of the current study indicate that diagnostic instability is very common in EDs and that especially psychopathological and personality correlates should be taken into consideration when treating patients with cross-over patterns.
This abstract was presented in the Anorexia Nervosa – Characteristics and Treatment stream of the 2013 ANZAED Conference.
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