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Exercise and eating behaviour: the role of mindfulness

The present study examined yoga participation and cardiovascular exercise in relation to dietary intake and disordered eating symptomatology and the role of mindfulness. Participants were 159 female exercisers who completed a questionnaire incorporating measures of exercise behaviour, body awareness, trait mindfulness, mindful eating, and dietary intake and disordered eating symptomatology. Participation in yoga was associated with significantly lower levels of disordered eating symptomatology whereas the amount of time spent participating in cardio-based exercise was associated with greater eating disturbance. The relationship between yoga participation and eating behaviour was mediated by both trait mindfulness and body awareness; the relationship between cardio-based exercise and eating behaviour was partially mediated by trait mindfulness. The relationships between amount of exercise and actual food intake were not mediated by trait mindfulness or body awareness. The differential findings for dietary intake and disordered eating proneness indicate that mindfulness may be more beneficial for clinical populations or those at risk for eating disorders than for modifying actual dietary intake in the general population.

This abstract was presented in the Disordered Eating – Characteristics & Treatment stream of the 2013 ANZAED Conference.

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Correspondence to Ivanka Prichard.

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Open Access This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License ( ), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly credited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver ( ) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

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Martin, R., Prichard, I., Hutchinson, A.D. et al. Exercise and eating behaviour: the role of mindfulness. J Eat Disord 1 (Suppl 1), O24 (2013).

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