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Table 2 The proportion of physicians in Japan, the UK, and the US who chose involuntary inpatient treatment in four situations

From: International comparison of physicians’ attitudes toward refusal of treatment by patients with anorexia nervosa: a case-based vignette study

  Acute patients with AN Severe and enduring patients with AN
Patient’s family requested treatment Patient’s family did not request treatment McNemar’s test
P-value
Patient’s family requested treatment Patient’s family did not request treatment McNemar’s test
P-value
Japan
(n = 55)
 CT 53 (96%)ab 46 (84%)cd p = .125 53 (96%)ef 38 (69%) p = 1.2 × 10−4
 RW 2 (4%) 9 (16%)   2 (4%) 17 (31%)  
UK
(n = 84)
 CT 65 (77%)a 53 (63%)c p = .001 62 (74%)e 56 (67%) p = .063
 RW 19 (23%) 31 (37%)   22 (26%) 28 (33%)  
US
(n = 82)
 CT 54 (66%)b 47 (57%)d p = .022 57 (69%)f 55 (67%) p = .022
 RW 28 (34%) 35 (43%)   25 (31%) 27 (33%)  
χ2 test
P value
χ2 = 16.987; df = 2; p = 2.1 × 10−4 χ2 = 14.656; df = 2; p = .005   χ2 = 16.556; df = 2; p = .002 χ2(2) = 0.565; df = 2; p = .754  
  1. CT choice of compulsory inpatient treatment, RW respect for patient’s wishes, UK United Kingdom, US United States of America
  2. ap = .003 by Fisher’s exact test
  3. bp = 1.3 × 10−4 by Fisher’s exact test
  4. cp = .008 by χ2 = 16.987; df = 1
  5. dp = 4.9 × 10−4 by Fisher’s exact test
  6. ep = .001, Fisher’s exact test
  7. fp = 4.9 × 10−4 by χ2 = 15.703; df = 1