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Table 1 Characteristics of 21 consecutive patients starting enhanced cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT-E) for anorexia nervosa

From: Enhanced cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT-E) for severe and extreme anorexia nervosa in an outpatient eating disorder unit at a public hospital: a quality-assessment study

Characteristics All patients Completers Non-completers p Value*
Age, years, mean (SD) 25.5 (7.9) 25.9 (4.2) 24.3 (10.3) 0.115
Mean age at eating disorder onset, years, mean (SD) 17.7 (6.0) 18.1 (5.0) 17.5 (7.5) 0.357
Duration of illness, years, mean (SD) 7.3 (6.6) 7.8 (6.2) 6.8 (6.6) 0.905
Binge-eating purge type, n (%) 5 (23.8%) 2 (20.0%) 3 (27.0%) 1.000
Restricting type, n (%) 16 (76.2%) 8 (80.0%) 8 (73.0%) 1.000
One or more axis-1 disorders, n (%) 14 (66.7%) 7 (70.0%) 7 (64.0%) 1.000
Most-frequent other axis-1 disorders, n (%)
Depression 9 (42.9%) 6 (60.0%) 3 (27.0%) 0.198
Post-traumatic stress disorders 3 (14.3%) 0 3 (27.0%) 0.214
Anxiety disorder 1 (5.0%) 1 (10.0%) 0 0.476
Obsessive–compulsive disorder 1 (5.0%) 0 1 (9.7%) 1.000
Using psychopharmacological treatment 5 (23.8%) 4 (40.0%) 1 (9.0%) 0.149
Using laxatives 5 (28.6%) 2 (20.0%) 3 (27.0%) 1.000
Excessive exercise 5 (23.8%) 2 (20.0%) 3 (27.0%) 1.000
Previous treatment of eating disorder 16 (72.6%) 7 (70.0%) 9 (82.0%) 0.635
Previous inpatient treatment 10 (47.6%) 4 (40.0%) 6 (55.0%) 0.670
Living situation, n (%)
Single 15 (71.4%) 7 (70.0%) 8 (73.0%) 1.000
Married or living with a partner 4 (19.0%) 2 (20.0%) 2 (18.0%) 1.000
Separated or divorced 2 (9.5%) 1 (10.0%) 1 (9.0%) 1.000
Occupation
Student 12 (57.0%) 5 (50.0%) 7 (64.0%) 0.670
Employee 8 (38.0%) 5 (50.0%) 3 (27.0%) 0.387
Unemployed 1 (5.0%) 0 1 (9.0%) 1.000
Severity
Body mass index, kg/m2, mean (SD) 14.8 (1.1) 14.9 (1.2) 14.6 (1.1) 0.503
Severe anorexia nervosa, n (%) 11 (52.4%) 6 (60.0%) 5 (45.5%) 0.670
Extreme anorexia nervosa, n (%) 10 (47.6%) 4 (40.0%) 6 (54.5%) 0.670
Global EDE-Q score (11/21 patients), mean (SD) 4.0 (0.9) 3.9 (0.4) (n = 5/10) 4.1 (1.2) (n = 6/11) 0.714
CIA score (11/21 patients), mean (SD) 37.2 (9.8) 37.3 (8.6) 37.0 (11.5) 0.792
  1. EDE-Q eating disorder examination questionnaire version 6.0, CIA clinical impairment assessment questionnaire. *Statistical tests include Wilcoxon rank sum test or Fisher exact test, as appropriate