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Table 3 Comparison of Mental Health Challenges according to CET Cut-off

From: Compulsive exercise and mental health challenges in fitness instructors; presence and interactions

Variable Above cut-off (≥15) for CET total score.
(n = 24)
Below cut-off (≤14) for CET total score.
(n = 246)
Mean diff. 95% CI mean diff. p Hedges g
  Mean ± SD Mean ± SD     
CET, Total score 16.56 ± 1.47 11.00 ± 1.83 5.55 4.79, 6.31 <0.001 3.09
CET, Subscales:
Avoidance 3.63 ± 0.83 1.46 ± 0.74 2.16 1.85, 2.48 <0.001 2.90
Weight Control 3.45 ± 0.83 1.71 ± 0.76 1.73 1.41, 2.06 <0.001 2.27
Mood Improvement 4.48 ± 0.52 3.98 ± 0.81 0.49 0.25, 0.73 <0.001 0.63
Lack of Exercise Enjoyment 1.05 ± 0.69 0.74 ± 0.59 0.31 0.05, 0.56 0.017 0.52
Exercise Rigidity 3.94 ± 0.76 3.09 ± 0.86 0.84 0.48, 1.20 <0.001 1.00
SCL-10, Total Score 2.16 ± 0.66 1.41 ± 0.44 0.74 0.53, 0.96 <0.001 1.62
BDI, Total Score 16.13 ± 9.05 5.39 ± 5.10 10.73 -13.07, -8.40 <0.001 1.94
EDE-Q, Global score 2.67 ± 2.69 0.60 ± 0.99 2.07 - <0.001 -
EDE-Q, Subscales:
Weight concern 3.18 ± 1.42 0.98 ± 1.02 2.19 -2.67, -1.71 <0.001 2.07
Restraint 2.45 ± 1.70 0.84 ± 0.99 1.60 -2.07, -1.13 <0.001 1.51
Eating concern 1.86 ± 1.55 0.30 ± 0.55 1.55 -1.87, -1.24 <0.001 2.25
Shape concern 3.31 ± 1.48 1.19 ± 1.14 2.12 -2.65, -1.59 <0.001 1.81
  1. EDE-Q global score is presented as median ± interquartile range