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Table 1 Responses to the YFAS questionnaire items

From: An exploratory study of food addiction in Indian youth

S No Item Response
Mean (SD) or n (percentage)
1 Eating much more than planned 2.73 (1.28)
2 Continuing to consume certain foods even though no longer hungry 2.36 (1.48)
3 Eat to the point where I feel physically ill 1.28 (1.87)
4 Worry about Not eating certain types of food or cutting down on certain types of food 1.89 (1.61)
5 Spend a lot of time feeling sluggish or fatigued from overeating 2.16 (1.52)
6 Find self constantly eating certain foods throughout the day 1.73 (1.70)
7 Going out of the way to obtain certain food when they are not available 2.07 (1.48)
8 Missing out on other activities 1.43 (1.84)
9 Dealing with negative feelings of overeating 1.49 (1.79)
10 Avoided professional/ social situations due to fear of overeating 1.23 (1.90)
11 Avoided professional/ social situations as could not consume certain food there 1.42 (1.80)
12 Withdrawal symptoms on cutting down or stopping certain foods 1.38 (1.85)
13 Consumed food to prevent feelings of anxiety, agitation or other physical symptoms 1.55 (1.76)
14 Elevated desires or urges to consume certain types of foods 1.99 (1.49)
15 Significant distress 1.73 (1.73)
16 Significant problems in ability to function effectively 1.74 (1.70)
17 Food consumption has caused significant psychological problems 61 (16.22%)
18 Food consumption has caused significant physical problems or made a physical problem worse 129 (34.31%)
19 Kept consuming though having emotional and/or physical problems 95 (25.27%)
20 Over time, need to eat more and more to get the desired feeling 103 (27.39%)
21 Same amount of food does not reduce negative emotions or increase pleasurable feelings as it used to 104 (27.66%)
22 Want to cut down or stop eating certain kinds of food. 249 (66.22%)
23 Tried to cut down or stop eating certain kinds of food 255 (67.82%)
24 Been successful at cutting down or not eating these kinds of food 194 (51.6%)
25 Number of times in past year tried to cut down or stop certain foods 2.88 (1.69)
  1. Responses are in the form of Never (1)/ Once a month (2)/ 2–4 times a month (3)/ 2–3 times a week (4)/ 4 or more times or daily (5) (question 1 to 16) or Yes / No (question 17 to 24), or 1 or fewer times (1)/ 2 times (2)/3 times (3)/ 4 times (4)/ 5 or more times (5) (question 25)