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Table 3 Comparison patients with and without heart failure (defined by LVEF Fraction < 52% for male and 54% for female)

From: Echocardiographic abnormalities in 124 severely malnourished adult anorexia nervosa patients: frequency and relationship with body composition and biological features

  Patients heart failure (n = 18) Patients without heart failure(n = 107) p
Age (Y) 28 ± 5 32 ± 3 NS
BMI (kg/m2) 11.4 ± 1.6 12.3 ± 2.5 NS
FFMI (kg)/weight2) 10.49 ± 1.0 10.18 ± 1.2 NS
FM (%) 9 ± 2 8.8 ± 4 NS
AN types:
 AN-R 7 (50%) 84 (76%) NS
 AN-BP 7 (50%) 27 (24%) 0.16
Years of evolution of AN since AN diagnosis 11 ± 5 9 ± 7 NS
Selenium (mmol/l) 1 ± 0.1 1.4 ± 0.1 NS
Potassium (mmol/l) 4 ± 0.6 3.8 ± 0,6 NS
Calcium (mmol/l) 2 ± 0.2 2.2 ± 0.1 NS
Magnesium (mmol/l) 1 ± 0.2 0.8 ± 0.1 NS
BNP (pg/l) 60 ± 63 54 ± 63 NS
Albumin (g/l) 34 ± 9 37 ± 7 NS
Transthyretin (mg/l) 0.218 ± 0.096 0.248 ± 0.102 NS
CRP (mg/l) 5 ± 8 7 ± 23 NS
Hypertransaminasemia (% patients) 71% 43% < 0.05
AST (UI) 290 ± 577.4 137.6 ± 425.8
ALT (UI) 280 ± 439.7 170.1 ± 371.4
HR (bpm) 70 ± 25 61 ± 17 NS
QT (ms) 402 ± 59 405 ± 54 NS
QTc (ms) 397 ± 30 388 ± 33 NS
QT/QTc 1.0 ± 0.1 1 ± 0.2 NS
  1. Data are expressed as mean + SD or number (percentage)
  2. p p-value, NS Not Significant, Y Years, BMI Body Mass Index, FFMI Free Fat Mass Indexed, FM Fat Mass, AN Anorexia Nervosa, AN-R Anorexia Nervosa Restrictive type, AN-BP Anorexia Nervosa Binge Eating/Purging type, BNP Brain Natriuretic Peptide, CRP C-Reactive Protein, AST Aspartate Transaminase, ALT Alanine Transaminase, HR Heart Rate, QTc corrected QT interval