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Table 5 Eating Disorder and Disordered Eating Behavior Risk Factors in Transgender Adults and Adolescents

From: Eating disorders and disordered eating behaviors in the LGBT population: a review of the literature

Risk Factors Eating Disorders Disordered Eating Behaviors
Adults Adolescents Adults Adolescents
Gender Minority Not being on HRT
Non-affirmation
Lack of timely gender dysphoria management Antitransgender discrimination Harassment
Discrimination
Stigma
Relationship Dynamic    Social distress Social distress
Less safe at school
Body Image Body image dissatisfaction
Higher BMI
Body image dissatisfaction
Higher BMI
Sexual objectification
Internalization of sociocultural standards of attractiveness
Body surveillance
Body image dissatisfaction
Higher BMI
Body image dissatisfaction
Higher BMI
Intrapsychic Functioning Perfectionism
Low self-esteem
  Self-criticism Self-criticism
Mental Health Anxiety Suicidal ideation
Suicide attempt
Self-injurious behaviors