Skip to main content

Table 3 Bivariate analysis taking the eating behaviors as the dependent variables in the total sample

From: Association between eating behavior and quarantine/confinement stressors during the coronavirus disease 2019 outbreak

  EDE restraint subscale EDE eating concern subscale EDE shape concern subscale EDE weight concern subscale
M ± SD p- value M ± SD p-value M ± SD p-value M ± SD p-value
Groups of participants
 Participants from the general population group 1.13 ± 1.42 0.051 0.83 ± 1.12 < 0.001 1.45 ± 1.46 < 0.001 1.13 ± 1.38 < 0.001
 Dietitian clients group 1.45 ± 1.74 1.30 ± 1.28 2.09 ± 1.78 1.78 ± 1.62
Abide to the home quarantine
 Yes 1.34 ± 1.63 0.335 1.07 ± 1.22 0.555 1.86 ± 1.70 0.121 1.50 ± 1.58 0.298
 No 1.19 ± 1.50 1.00 ± 1.21 1.60 ± 1.56 1.34 ± 1.47
Closed and prolonged coexistence with the family
 Yes 1.32 ± 1.59 0.636 1.16 ± 1.31 0.565 1.90 ± 1.75 0.610 1.60 ± 1.70 0.891
 No 1.42 ± 1.62 1.26 ± 1.36 2.01 ± 1.78 1.63 ± 1.53
Financial difficulty due to quarantine/confinement
 Yes 1.54 ± 1.70 0.076 1.44 ± 1.44 0.005 2.25 ± 1.98 0.009 1.90 ± 1.86 0.015
 No 1.23 ± 1.52 1.04 ± 1.23 1.74 ± 1.60 1.45 ± 1.54
Difficulty buying desired food
 Yes 1.47 ± 1.84 0.309 1.46 ± 1.55 0.010 2.21 ± 1.94 0.042 1.84 ± 1.86 0.080
 No 1.28 ± 1.48 1.06 ± 1.19 1.80 ± 1.66 1.51 ± 1.58
Lack of physical contact with friends
 Most of the time 1.55 ± 1.67 0.058 1.28 ± 1.48 0.058 2.21 ± 1.88 0.001* 1.88 ± 1.82 < 0.001*
 Some of the time 1.07 ± 1.42 1.26 ± 1.28 2.24 ± 1.53 1.95 ± 1.44
 Rarely 1.21 ± 1.57 1.36 ± 1.26 1.86 ± 1.57 1.59 ± 1.54
 Never 1.11 ± 1.48 0.92 ± 1.02 1.43 ± 1.56 1.12 ± 1.40
Constant sense of insecurity for themselves and loved ones
 Yes 1.49 ± 1.67 0.101 1.58 ± 1.60 < 0.001 2.39 ± 1.99 < 0.001 2.01 ± 1.93 < 0.001
 No 1.23 ± 1.53 0.88 ± 0.97 1.58 ± 1.47 1.32 ± 1.39
Physical exercise practice during quarantine/confinement
 Yes 1.68 ± 1.70 < 0.001 1.31 ± 1.40 0.011 2.06 ± 1.76 0.045 1.76 ± 1.68 0.021
 No 0.84 ± 1.26 0.99 ± 1.16 1.71 ± 1.73 1.38 ± 1.63
  Correlation coefficient p-value Correlation coefficient p-value Correlation coefficient p-value Correlation coefficient p-value
Length of quarantine/confinement in days 0.073 0.142 0.080 0.106 0.109 0.027 0.113 0.023
Number of adults living in the quarantine/confinement 0.069 0.164 0.086 0.083 0.108 0.028 0.106 0.032
Number of children living in the quarantine/confinement 0.013 0.789 0.014 0.773 −0.029 0.556 −0.043 0.387
Fear of COVID-19 scale 0.120 0.015 0.237 < 0.001 0.246 < 0.001 0.192 < 0.001
Short Boredom Proneness scale 0.035 0.484 0.254 < 0.001 0.253 < 0.001 0.250 < 0.001
Anxiety scale 0.064 0.194 0.357 < 0.001 0.332 < 0.001 0.304 < 0.001
Anger scale 0.044 0.373 0.191 < 0.001 0.202 < 0.001 0.186 < 0.001
  1. *Bonferroni post-hoc analysis: Association between lack of physical contact with friends and shape concern subscale: Most of the time vs. some of the time p = 1.000, most of the time vs. rarely p = 1.000, most of the time vs. never p < 0.001, some of the time vs. rarely p = 1.000, some of the time vs. never p = 0.231, rarely vs. never p = 0.773
  2. Association between lack of physical contact with friends and weight concern subscale: Most of the time vs. some of the time p = 1.000, most of the time vs. rarely p = 1.000, most of the time vs. never p < 0.001, some of the time vs. rarely p = 1.000, some of the time vs. never p = 0.152, rarely vs. never p = 0.475.
  3. p-value marked in bold are significant (Less than 0.05)