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Table 1 Comparisons of the socio-demographic factors, BAI, BDI-II, TAS-20, EAT-26, and GHQ-28 among the three study groups (N = 220)

From: Eating disorders among patients with borderline personality disorder: understanding the prevalence and psychopathology

Variables Subvariables Healthy Controls (n = 110) BPD (n = 38) BPD + FEDs (n = 72)   
   n (%) n (%) n (%) χ2 (2)  
   37 (33.6) 10 (26.3) 23 (31.9) 0.71  
Age 18–23  
24–29 43 (39.1) 16 (42.1) 26 (36.1)
30–35 30 (27.3) 12 (31.6) 23 (31.9)
Gender Male 28 (25.5) 17 (44.7) 26 (36.1) 5.26  
Female 82 (74.5) 21 (55.3) 46 (63.9)
Marital status Never married 57 (51.8) 22 (57.9) 34 (47.2) 17.71  
Married 28 (25.5) 16 (42.1) 18 (25.0)
Cohabiting 5 (4.5) 0 (0) 2 (2.8)
Widowed 2 (1.8) 0 (0) 5 (6.9)
Divorced 13 (11.8) 0 (0) 8 (11.1)
Separated 5 (4.5) 0 (0) 5 (6.9)
Education level Non-degree 45 (40.9) 9 (23.7) 28 (38.9) 1.84  
High school diploma 38 (34.5) 4 (10.5) 23 (31.9)
Academic degree 27 (24.5) 25 (65.8) 21 (29.2)
Income < 10,000,000 Rials 73 (66.4) 23 (60.5) 44 (61.1) 0.70  
≥ 10,000,000 Rials 37 (33.6) 15 (39.5) 28 (38.9)
   M (SD) M (SD) M (SD) F (2, 217) Scheffé post-hoc test
BAI   7.94 (6.20) 50.65 (8.91) 62.30 (2.86) 2005.08*** BPD + FEDs > BPD > Healthy Controls
BDI-II   3.53 (5.62) 26.07 (4.46) 38.90 (6.40) 866.85*** BPD + FEDs > BPD > Healthy Controls
TAS-20   28.10 (7.18) 53.94 (12.95) 79.00 (9.60) 671.54*** BPD + FEDs > BPD > Healthy Controls
EAT-26   1.32 (2.11) 8.55 (5.19) 28.08 (8.45) 521.03*** BPD + FEDs > BPD > Healthy Controls
GHQ-28   10.10 (5.48) 36.73 (7.09) 58.70 (11.30) 797.78*** BPD + FEDs > BPD > Healthy Controls
  1. Note. BAI Beck Anxiety Inventory, BDI-II Beck Depression Inventory-II, BPD Borderline personality disorder, EAT-26 26-item Eating Attitudes Test, FEDs Feeding and eating disorders, TAS-20 20-item Toronto Alexithymia Scale.
  2. *p < 0.05; **p < 0.01; ***p < 0.001.