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Table 3 Prevalence of disordered eating behaviors and weight/shape overvaluation in South Australian people without and with self-reported diabetes mellitus (DM) by gender and age

From: Associations between self-reported diabetes mellitus, disordered eating behaviours, weight/shape overvaluation, and health-related quality of life

VariablesSelf- reported DMAOR (95%CI)*χ2 (p)Self-reported DMAOR (95%CI)*χ2 (p)p#
YesNo  YesNo   
Disordered eating behavioursMaleFemale 
n (%) n (%) 
 Objective binge eating20 (12.0)144 (11.2)0.86 (0.51–1.45)0.32 (0.570)26 (15.2)126 (9.3)1.11 (0.65–1.89)0.14 (0.707).218
 Subjective binge eating10 (6.1)41 (3.2)1.63 (0.77–3.45)1.65 (0.198)12 (7.1)34 (2.5)2.27 (1.10–4.69)4.88 (0.027).508
 Strict dieting/fasting7 (4.2)46 (3.6)0.90 (0.39–2.09)0.06 (0.803)11 (6.4)83 (6.1)1.30 (0.61–2.79)0.46 (0.498).664
 Purging3 (0.2)3 (1.7)11 (0.8)0.44 (0.11–1.75)1.34 (0.247)n.a.
Weight/shape overvaluation52 (31.5)528 (41.2)0.55 (0.38–0.79)10.31 (0.001)69 (40.1)624 (46.2)0.71 (0.49–1.02)3.40 (0.065).623
 Age 15 to 44 yearsAge ≥ 45 years 
n (%) n (%) 
 Objective binge eating12 (17.1)168 (13.0)1.11 (0.58–2.14)0.11 (0.744)34 (12.7)102 (7.6)1.24 (0.77–1.99)0.80 (0.371).545
 Subjective binge eating6 (8.8)53 (4.1)1.72 (0.71–4.16)1.46 (0.227)16 (6.0)21 (1.6)3.28 (1.59–6.76)10.35 (0.001).495
 Strict dieting/fasting6 (8.6)88 (6.8)0.78 (0.34–2.27)0.08 (0.783)12 (4.5)41 (3.1)1.49 (0.72–3.09)1.15 (0.283).392
 Purging1 (1.4)11 (0.8)1.42 (0.16–12.45)0.10 (0.750)2 (0.7)3 (0.2)1.81 (0.29–11.46)0.40 (0.526).718
Weight/shape overvaluation33 (47.8)619 (47.8)0.86 (0.52–1.42)0.35 (0.555)88 (33.0)533 (39.9)0.64 (0.47–0.87)7.87 (0.005).477
  1. #Significance level for tests of interaction between male/female and young/old
  2. *AOR (95% CI) = Adjusted odds ratio (95% confidence interval): Generalized linear models, binary logistic regression (adjusted by BMI), reference category (no diabetes)