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Table 4 Psychiatric measures of participants with AN/Atypical AN, and ARFID (n = 193)

From: Attributes of children and adolescents with avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder

  AN or Atypical AN (n = 87) ARFID (n = 106) OR or Mean Difference p a
M (SD) or n (%) M (SD) or n (%)
Diagnoses
 Psychiatric comorbidity (any DSM-V diagnosis) 53 (60.92) 79 (74.53) 1.88 .04
 ADHD 1 (1.15) 25 (23.58) 26.54 < .0001b
 Autism 1 (1.15) 6 (5.66) 5.16 .13b
 Depressive Disorderc 42 (48.28) 20 (18.87) 0.25 < .0001
 Anxiety Disorderd 41 (47.13) 61 (57.55) 1.52 .15
Eating Disorder Examinatione
 Global score 2.56 (1.58) 0.30 (0.34) 2.25 < .0001
 Restraint 2.83 (1.77) 0.29 (0.59) 2.55 < .0001
 Eating concerns 1.66 (1.52) 0.32 (0.55) 1.33 < .0001
 Shape concerns 2.61 (1.83) 0.33 (0.53) 2.28 < .0001
 Weight concerns 3.11 (1.95) 0.27 (0.43) 2.85 < .0001
Parent Report
 CBCL Internalizing T-Scoref 63.56 (10.22) 61.84 (11.53) 1.73 .34
Self-Report Measures
vSelf-harm/ Suicidal ideation (MiniKid)f 10 (15.63) 8 (10.00) 0.60 .31
 Children’s Depression Inventory (Total T Score)f 61.97 (14.59) 53.18 (10.56) 7.87 < .0001
 Rosenberg Self-Esteemf 15.19 (7.85) 21.85 (6.06) −6.66 < .0001
 Beck Anxiety Inventory Total Scoree 16.07 (11.50) 10.17 (9.24) 5.90 .001
 Clinical Impairment Assessmente 22.39 (13.03) 10.15 (8.98) 11.24 < .0001
 Clinical Perfectionism Questionnairee 25.75 (6.85) 19.38 (4.84) 6.37 < .0001
  1. aAnalyzed using Pearson’s Chi-square test or for categorical variables or independent t-tests for continuous variables. b Due to small cell count, analyzed using Fischer’s Exact test. c Patient is considered to have diagnosis of depression if they were diagnosed with Dysthymia, Major Depressive Disorder, Other Specified Depressive Disorder, and/or Unspecified Depression. d Patient is considered to have an anxiety diagnosis consists if they were diagnosed with OCD, PTSD, Social Anxiety Disorder, Agoraphobia, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Panic Disorder, Separation Anxiety Disorder, Specific Phobia, Other Specified Anxiety Disorder, and/or Unspecified Anxiety. e Restricted to patients age ≥ 12 (for AN: n = 81, for ARFID: n = 63) and existing values for EDE subscales, BAI, CIA, and BAI (for AN: n = 75, for ARFID: n = 53). f Removed missing values for internalizing t-score, self-harm, total t-score, and RSE (for AN: 23 excluded, for ARFID: 26 excluded)