Skip to main content

Advertisement

Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Table 3 Medical presentation of study participants with AN/Atypical AN, and ARFID (n = 193)

From: Attributes of children and adolescents with avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder

  AN or Atypical AN (n = 87) ARFID (n = 106) OR or Mean Difference P a
M (SD) or n (%) M (SD) or n (%)
Vital Signs
 Pulse rate 63.44 (16.62) 78.80 (15.91) −15.35 < .0001
 Systolic blood pressure 109.7 (12.09) 113.1 (9.42) −3.35 .04
 Diastolic blood pressure 61.57 (6.71) 63.43 (7.70) −1.86 .07
Medical Instability
 Bradycardia, < 50 beats per minute 21 (24.14) 5 (4.72) 0.16 < .0001b
 Hypotension, systolic pressure < 90 mmHg 4 (4.60) 2 (1.89) 0.40 .41b
 Orthostatic Instability, > 20 beats per minute, > 10 mmHg 48 (55.17) 57 (53.77) 0.95 .85
 Admitted/In hospital at presentation 24 (27.59) 15 (14.15) 0.43 .02
 Amenorrheac 26 (34.67) 7 (11.11) 0.24 .001
 Prior Eating Disorder Treatment 33 (37.93) 40 (37.74) 0.99 .98
 Psychotropic medication 34 (39.08) 38 (35.85) 0.87 .64
 Other medical condition present potentially impacting weightd 7 (8.05) 13 (12.26) 1.60 .34
  1. aAnalyzed using Pearson’s Chi-square test for categorical variables or independent t-tests for continuous variables, unless noted differently. b Due to small cell count, analyzed using Fischer’s Exact test. c Excludes males (for AN/atypical AN, 12 excluded; for ARFID, 43 excluded). d Conditions considered included gastrointestinal or endocrine disorders including, but not limited to delayed gastric emptying, gastritis, esophagitis, GERD, Grave’s disease, Type 1 Diabetes, chronic constipation, food allergies, acid reflux, celiac disease, irritable bowel syndrome, hypothyroidism, Hashimoto’s disease, and gastroparesis