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Table 2 Perceived reasons for adopting various “clean” diets

From: Is #cleaneating a healthy or harmful dietary strategy? Perceptions of clean eating and associations with disordered eating among young adults

  Type of Diet  
Gluten-free
figurea
Vegan
figureb
Meal substitution
figurec
Alkaline
figured
“New” (balanced)
figuree
Across all 5 diets
Description (excerpt): “Consists of…” …avoiding all foods that contain the protein gluten, which is found in grains such as wheat, barley, and rye. …avoiding all meat, eggs, dairy, and any other animal products. …a meal replacement (such as a protein/ vitamin/mineral-rich shake, bar, or juice) consumed in place of a normal meal. …avoiding all acid-forming foods such as meat, fish, and most legumes; people who are on an alkaline diet consume food such as vegetables, fruits, and certain nuts and seeds to help balance the pH levels of the blood. …eating assorted vegetables, fruits, whole grains, low-fat dairy products, and a variety of protein products (such as seafood, lean meats, eggs, and nuts), while limiting consumption of foods that are fried or have added sugars.  
Reason for adopting diet M (SD) M (SD) M (SD) M (SD) M (SD) M (SD)
For weight loss 3.10 (1.22) 3.40 (1.17) 4.20 (0.91) 3.15 (1.10) 3.97 (1.01) 3.57 (0.69)
To treat illness 3.28 (1.23) 3.18 (1.20) 2.23 (1.20) 3.21 (1.20) 3.19 (1.22) 3.03 (0.85)
To prevent illness 3.02 (1.20) 3.43 (1.03) 2.22 (1.10) 3.35 (1.06) 3.55 (1.12) 3.11 (0.73)
To be healthier 3.56 (1.06) 4.11 (0.91) 3.60 (1.08) 3.75 (0.88) 4.48 (0.68) 3.90 (0.61)
To feel superior to others 2.44 (1.36) 2.80 (1.49) 2.62 (1.34) 2.41 (1.32) 2.25 (1.19) 2.50 (1.13)
To improve skin 2.56 (1.10) 3.12 (1.21) 2.58 (1.18) 2.96 (1.10) 3.14 (1.13) 2.87 (0.82)
Due to social pressure 2.43 (1.24) 2.81 (1.34) 2.44 (1.23) 2.18 (1.18) 2.66 (1.16) 2.51 (0.99)
To feel in control of their diet 3.32 (1.15) 3.66 (1.14) 3.49 (1.10) 3.28 (1.11) 3.75 (0.99) 3.50 (0.85)
  1. Note. For each of the dietary vignettes, participants were asked to answer the question, “if someone were to adopt this diet, to what extent might they do so for the following reasons” on a 1 (very slightly or not at all) to 5 (extremely) scale, using the options listed in the first column; participants also had the opportunity to provide alternative explanations through an open-ended “other” category