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Table 1 Examination of open-ended responses defining “clean eating”

From: Is #cleaneating a healthy or harmful dietary strategy? Perceptions of clean eating and associations with disordered eating among young adults

Theme Identification Rate
Strategy to promote well-being 91%
Involves dietary changes 68%
 Involves dietary additions 46%
  Fruits/vegetables/plant-based 30%
  Attention to farming strategies (e.g., organic/natural/non-GMO) 18%
  Attention to geography and/or environment (locally grown/sustainable/environmentally-friendly) 3%
  Healthy/good fats 2%
  Natural/ healthy sugars 1%
  Whole grains/grains 9%
  Proteins and meats (including lean proteins) 16%
  Supplements or cleanses 1%
 Involves dietary restrictions 49%
  Processed/junk/fast food/preservatives 37%
  Fats/grease/oils/deep-fried 16%
  Sugar 16%
  Gluten 1%
  Calories 4%
  Meats 2%
Nature of overall impact 61%
 Positive broader impact 59%
  Feeling of healthiness 1%
  Good for you/well-balanced/nutritious/in moderation 57%
  Attention to geography and/or environment (locally grown/sustainable/ environmentally-friendly) 3%
  Improved weight/body shape/appearance 2%
 Negative broader impact 5%
  Rigid schedule/strict diet 6%
  Ignores physical/bodily cues 1%
Other (e.g., unfamiliar with the term; reference to “clean plate club”) 9%
  1. Note. Many participant responses spanned multiple thematic categories (62%)