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Table 3 Odds of UWCBs among women in the Harvard Chan Physical Activity Study (N = 1098)

From: Dating app use and unhealthy weight control behaviors among a sample of U.S. adults: a cross-sectional study

OR (95% CI)
  Vomiting Laxative Use Fasting Diet Pill Use Muscle Building Supplement Usea Anabolic Steroid Use
Dating App Use
 User 6.442 (3.837, 10.816) 4.515 (2.828, 7.210) 2.285 (1.611, 3.240) 4.011 (2.583, 6.226) 5.265 (3.090, 8.973) 26.926 (11.512, 62.979)
 Non-user (ref) 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Race/Ethnicity
 Asian American 1.028 (0.435, 2.430) 0.809 (0.352, 1.857) 1.412 (0.868, 2.320) 0.743 (0.339, 1.631) 1.341 (0.557, 3.226) 0.713 (0.150, 3.388)
 African American 0.935 (0.417, 2.097) 2.313 (1.322, 4.048) 1.808 (1.180, 2.769) 1.759 (1.002, 3.090) 2.373 (1.163, 4.844) 3.665 (1.347, 9.976)
 Hispanic 1.762 (0.848, 3.660) 1.544 (0.780, 2.057) 1.455 (0.871, 2.429) 2.355 (1.291, 4.295) 2.657 (1.275, 5.537) 3.413 (1.224, 9.515)
 Other or Mixed 1.120 (0.474, 2.643) 0.999 (0.452, 2.206) 1.164 (0.693, 1.956) 0.719 (0.314, 1.647) 1.643 (0.710, 3.803) 1.454 (0.375, 5.629)
 White (ref) 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Sexual Orientation
 Gay/Bisexual 1.082 (0.587, 1.993) 0.649 (0.352, 1.199) 1.055 (0.719, 1.550) 1.141 (0.684, 1.903) 1.348 (0.735, 2.475) 0.570 (0.199, 1.632)
 Heterosexual (ref) 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Income (USD)
  > 100 K 1.145 (0.529, 2.475) 0.660 (0.356, 1.223) 0.698 (0.458, 1.064) 0.813 (0.439, 1.505) 0.367 (0.155, 0.871) 0.166 (0.047, 0.587)
 75-100 K 1.150 (0.518, 2.550) 0.754 (0.399, 1.424) 0.659 (0.421, 1.030) 0.919 (0.487, 1.735) 1.255 (0.595, 2.649) 0.417 (0.142, 1.221)
 50- < 75 K 1.503 (0.647, 3.492) 0.763 (0.377, 1.540) 0.668 (0.404, 1.103) 1.245 (0.631, 2.457) 1.845 (0.835, 4.078) 0.929 (0.307, 2.811)
 25- < 50 K 0.994 (0.413, 2.392) 0.538 (0.261, 1.109) 0.536 (0.329, 0.875) 1.038 (0.528, 2.042) 0.717 (0.293, 1.752) 0.573 (0.177, 1.855)
  < 25 K (ref) 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Age (years)
  > 40 1.236 (0.688, 2.221) 0.901 (0.528, 1.538) 1.306 (0.906, 1.883) 1.059 (0.636, 1.762) 1.392 (0.724, 2.674) 1.442 (0.542, 3.833)
  > 30–40 0.584 (0.292, 1.168) 0.669 (0.373, 1.200) 1.135 (0.763, 1.688) 0.838 (0.479, 1.466) 0.884 (0.425, 1.840) 0.961 (0.314, 2.937)
  > 25–30 0.690 (0.297, 1.602) 0.744 (0.368, 1.504) 0.776 (0.464, 1.300) 0.887 (0.451, 1.748) 0.800 (0.324, 1.973) 1.489 (0.410, 5.409)
 18–25 (ref) 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Marital Status
 Never married 0.348 (0.195, 0.622) 0.311 (0.186, 0.522) 0.746 (0.533, 1.043) 0.494 (0.305, 0.798) 0.471 (0.252, 0.878) 0.215 (0.081, 0.569)
 Otherb 0.519 (0.213, 1.265) 0.626 (0.304, 1.292) 0.907 (0.540, 1.521) 0.728 (0.363, 1.461) 1.234 (0.549, 2.775) 0.685 (0.219, 2.139)
 Married (ref) 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
  1. Engagement of UWCBs occurred the past 12 months. Boldface indicates statistical significance (p < 0.05). CIs = confidence interval
  2. aIncludes products such as creatine, amino acids, DHEA, hydroxyl methylbutyrate [HMB], or growth hormone
  3. bParticipants were considered married if they were currently married, and not married if they were never married, divorced, or separated