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Table 3 Study Characteristics

From: Binge eating disorder and night eating syndrome in adults with type 2 diabetes: a systematic review

Author Country Multi-centre yes/no (n = centres) Recruitment All T2DM (n=) Insulin-dependent (%) Eating Disorder Criteria Questionnaire Diagnosis Interview Diagnosis
n= % n= %
Total ED No ED
Allison [32] USA Yes (n = 16) Open screening and referrals from un-specified healthcare professionals 845 BED DSM-IV EDE-Q 47 5.6 EDEa 12 1.4
NES Clinical assessment42 NEQ 71 8.4 NESHIb 32 3.8
Çelik [33] Turkey No Diabetes outpatient clinics 152 BED DSM-IV SCID-I 8 5.3
Chao [34] USA Yes (n = 16) Open screening and referrals from un-specified healthcare professionals 4572 BED DSM-5 QEWP-R 54 1.2
Crow [35] USA No Diabetes outpatient clinics 43 BED DSM-IV SCID-I 11 25.6
Herbozo [36] Chile Yes (−) Referrals from primary care HCPs 387 0 0 0 BED DSM-5 QEWP-R 31 8.0
Herpertz [37] 1998 Germany Yes (n = 12) Inpatients and outpatients 662 51 33 52 BED DSM-IV SIAB 18 2.7
Herpertz [38] 2000 Germany Yes (−) Diabetes outpatient clinics 322 46 BED DSM-IV SIAB-EX 11 3.4
Hood [39] USA No Endocrinology outpatient clinics 194 NES DSM-5 NEQ 13 6.7
Kenardy [40] Australia No Diabetes outpatient clinics 50 0 0 0 BED DSM-IV QEWP 3 6.0
Mannucci [41] Italy No Diabetes outpatient clinics 156 30 BED DSM-IV EDE 2 1.3
  1. a > 8 objective binge eating episodes in 4 weeks were contacted for an EDE
  2. b NEQ score > 25 were contacted for a NESHI