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Table 1 Common causes of secondary osteoporosis

From: Assessment and clinical management of bone disease in adults with eating disorders: a review

Premenopausal amenorrhea  
Hypercortisolism (i.e. Cushing Syndrome)  
Celiac disease, inflammatory bowel disease, short gut or other malabsorption syndrome  
Osteomalacia  
Liver or renal disease  
Low testosterone  
Low body weight or malnutrition  
Hyperthyroidism  
Rheumatoid arthritis, Systemic lupus erythematosus, connective tissue diseases or chronic inflammatory conditions  
Medications (i.e. steroids, diuretics, AEDs, depot medroxygprogesterone, SSRIs)  
Diabetes mellitus  
Vitamin D or calcium deficiency  
Current cigarette smoking  
Alcohol consumption, tobacco use