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Table 3 Meta-analysis: Intensity and frequency effect sizes of ED recovery criteria

From: Identifying fundamental criteria for eating disorder recovery: a systematic review and qualitative meta-analysis

Recovery Criteria    All (N = 18) A/A (N = 8) B/B (N = 8)   
  Evidence for recovery Frequency
effect size
Intensity effect size Intensity effect size Intensity effect size χ2 P (2-sided)
Self-acceptance Strong 88.9% 15.3% 17.6% 13.8% .679 .486
Positive relationsships with others Strong 100% 12.7% 13.4% 14.6% .070 .791
Personal growth Strong 77.8% 12.7% 18.5% 8.5% 5.432 .020
Decrease in ED behavior/cognitions Strong 77.8% 12.4% 9.2% 12.3% .603 .437
Self-adaptability/resilience Strong 77.8% 9.2% 9.2% 7.7% .082 .774
Autonomy Strong 83.3% 7.8% 8.4% 9.2% - .791*
Social contribution Substantial 50% 6.9% 6.7% 6.9% .004 .950
Improved (ED) body evaluation Substantial 55.6% 5.8% 1.7% 6.2%   
Spiritual integration Moderate 33.3% 2.9% .8% 6.2% - .037 *
Purpose & meaning Moderate 38.9% 2.9% 3.4% 3.1% .016 .899
Improved (ED) physical functioning Moderate 27.8% 2.6% 4.2% 1.5% - .264*
Happiness Insufficient 22.2% 1.7% .8% 1.5% - 1.000*
Positive affect Moderate 27.8% 1.7% 2.5% .8% - .351*
Other - 33.3% 1.7% .8% 2.3% - .623*
Avowed life satisfaction Insufficient 22.2% 1.2% .8% .8% - 1.000*
Environmental mastery Insufficient 11.1% .9% .8% 1.5% - 1.000*
Social acceptance Insufficient 11.1% .9% - 2.3%   .247*
Social integration Insufficient 11.1% .9% .8% .8%   1.000*
Social actualization Insufficient - - - - - - -
Social coherence Insufficient - - - - - - -
  1. Note: Frequency effect size: Total N of studies divided by N of studies containing a criteria * 100, Intensity effect size: N of found criteria produced in all studies, divided by all found criteria in all studies * 100, χ2 test of homogeneity (differences in two proportions), * p was calculated by Fisher’s Exact test for violation of the minimal sample size of the χ2 test