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Table 2 Summary of included studies

From: Identifying fundamental criteria for eating disorder recovery: a systematic review and qualitative meta-analysis

Nr Study Country Diagnosis N of Participants Study focus Ethics approval Data collection Data analysis Credibility Recovery criteria Minimalrecovery length Quality
1 [74] Australia AN 8 Process of recovery chronic AN Yes Open ended interviews (face to face) Narrative inquiry Member-check with each participant, cross-check by two authors Self-reported, Bardone-Cone criteria (2010) 5 years A/A
2 [46] Canada AN 9 Recovery from AN Unknown In depth open ended interviews Grounded theory approach Review process by 3 individuals Self-report 3 years A/A
3 [85] U.S. AN, BNEDNOS 17 Athletes’ ED recovery experiences Yes Semi structured interviews Content analysis procedure Reviewing of coding structure by two colleagues, discussion until agreement DSM-IV-TR criteria 3 months B/B
4 [75] Several AN 3 Influences on the process of recovery from AN No Purposive/extreme sampling to identify published narratives Framework approach to qualitative analysis Coding by two authors, discussion until agreement As described by the personal account Unknown B/B
5 [86] Sweden BN 5 Experiences of recovery from AN Yes Open ended interviews (semi-structured) Narrative interviews with qualitative content analysis Added quotations from participants to results Self-reported (being healthy) 2 years A/A
6 [87] U.K. AN 15 Views of recovering from AN Yes Semi structured interviews (in-depth, by phone) Interpretative phenomenological analysis Discussion between authors Self defined recovery/recovered No requirement B/B
7 [88] U.S. AN 22 Perspectives of recovered individuals on ED, recovery and social support Yes Interviews Generic qualitative description analysis Separately coded by two authors, comparing initial codes and consensus seeking. Member checking with participants Measured: eating screen 1 year A/B
8 [89] Brazil AN 15 Factors involved in the outcome of AN Yes Ethnographic Face to face interviews (semi-structured) Grounded theory approach Analyzing separately, calculating inter-rater agreement Reported by self, family member and assistant MD 5 years A/A
9 [90] Norway
AN, BNEDNOS 15 Experiences of life after recovery Yes Open ended interviews (semi-structured) Phenomenological approach Analyzed by three different teams and discussion until consensus Self-report (experienced recovery or marked improvement) Unknown A/B
10 [91] Sweden AN 58 Patient perspectives of AN recovery Yes Interview Content analysis procedure Separate analysis by three researchers, calculating inter-rater agreement Clinical assessment (DSM-III-R) Unknown B/B
11 [45] U.S. AN, BN 13 Exploring ED recovery Yes Semi structured interviews Phenomenological approach Addressing researcher bias, authors independently reading transcripts, and discussing emergent themes, included extended quotations Self-report 6 years A/A
12 [79] Israel AN 18 Patients perspective of recovery from AN Yes In depth semi-structured interviews Phenomenological approach Adding quotes to results DSM-IV 5 years A/A
13 [92] Canada BED 6 Recovery from binge eating disorder Unknown Two interviews (unstructured and structured) Grounded theory approach Audit by second author Self-reported, DSM-IV (objective measure) 6 months A/B
14 [93] U.K. AN 6 The patients perspective of recovery from AN Unknown Interview Case descriptions Unknown Assessment Unknown B/B
15 [94] U.S. AN, BN 3 Rethinking recovery Yes Semi structured interview Interpretative biographical method Working with performance texts Self-identified as recovered Unclear (well into process of recovery) B/B
16 [95] Sweden AN, BNEDNOS 14 Patients perception having recovered from an ED Yes Semi structured interviews Phenomenological approach second author scrutinized statements in relation to conceptions and categories Self-identified as recovered at 1 year follow-up Unclear A/B
17 [96] Australia AN, BN 20 Experiences of developing and recovering from ED Yes Open ended interviews (semi-structured) Live history interviews two researchers reading and making margin notes Self-reported 3 years A/A
18 [80] Canada AN 12 Understanding journey of recovery from AN Yes Interviews Feminist grounded theory confirm/refine explication of emerging theory by participants Self-identified as recovered Unknown B/B