Skip to main content

Table 1 Clinical characteristics of patients

From: Outcomes of an inpatient medical nutritional rehabilitation protocol in children and adolescents with eating disorders

  N Percent Min Max M SD
Admission and hospitalization
 Gender       
   Male 25 12     
   Female 190 88     
 Ethnicity       
   Hispanic or Latino 5 2     
   Not Hispanic or Latino 210 98     
 Race       
   White 185 86     
   Black or African American 10 5     
   Asian 5 2     
   Other 15 7     
 Diagnosis (DSM-5)       
   Anorexia Nervosa (AN) 138 64     
   Bulimia Nervosa (BN) 12 6     
   Avoidant-Restrictive Food Intake Disorder (ARFID) 9 4     
   Atypical anorexia 38 18     
   Purging disorder 10 5     
   Unspecified Food and Eating Disorder (UFED) 8 3     
 Age, Years 215   5.8 23.2 15.3 2.8
 Duration illness, months 215   0.7 115.4 18.8 21.4
 Height, cm 215   112.3 179.0 159.3 11.5
 Weight, kg 215   17.2 107.2 44.1 11.5
 BMI, kg/m2 215   11.2 35.4 17.1 3.1
 BMI Z-Score 215   −10.1 2.2 −1.6 1.5
 Degree of malnutrition       
   Mild malnutrition 11 5     
   Moderate malnutrition 23 11     
   Severe malnutrition 181 84     
 Percentage Median BMI (%MBMI) 215   52.5 153.7 86.1 13.9
 Treatment goal weight (TGW: Projected growth curves) 215   19.0 85.6 54.0 11.2
 Percentage TGW 215   47.9 131.2 81.2 9.6
 Length of stay, days 215   3 40 11 5
 Length on telemetry/ICU, days 18   1 9 3 3
 Resting energy expenditure 215   872 2235 1279 174
 Admission calories 215   900 2800 1466 399
 Admission calories/REE 215   0.54 2.39 1.16 0.34
 Discharge calories 215   1800 5600 3754 672
 Discharge calories/REE 215   1.07 4.37 2.96 0.50
 Rate of calorie change, kcals/day 215   25 520 223 75
 Admission - discharge calorie change 215   200 4400 2288 712
 Admission- discharge calorie change/REE 215   0.14 3.28 1.79 0.51
 Required nasogastric feeds 22 10     
 On psychotropic meds during stay 75 35     
   Benzodiazepines 25 11.6     
   SSRI’s 26 12.1     
   Atypical antipsychotiics 20 9.3     
   SNRI 6 2.7     
   Mood stabilizers (anticonvulsants) 5 2.3     
   Alpha agonists 4 1.8     
   Tricyclic antidepressants 3 1.4     
   Stimulants 1 0.4     
   Other (Mirtazapine, Buspirone, Trazodone) 7 3.2     
 Supplementation required       
   Phosphorus 31 14     
   Potassium 9 4     
   Magnesium 6 3     
 Percentage transferred to a higher level of care 32 14.9     
Discharge
 Discharge BMI 215   12.8 33.8 18.2 2.9
 Discharge %MBMI 215   60.1 146.8 91.4 13.6
 Discharge %TGW 215   58.1 125.3 86.1 8.9
 Percentage MBMI Gain from Admission 215   −7.1 21.9 5.3 3.7
 Percentage TGW Gain from Admission 215   −5.9 22.1 5.0 3.5
 Weight Gain, kg, from Admission 215   −4.8 6.7 2.5 1.7
 Average daily weight gain, kg 215   −0.96 0.57 0.22 0.16
Follow Up
 Percentage rehospitalized       
   Within 30 days 6 3.8     
   Within 1 year 37 17.2     
 4 Weeks Follow-up BMI 157   13.6 34.2 20.0 2.8
 4 Weeks Follow-up %MBMI 157   66.1 148.6 100.9 12.9
 4 Weeks Follow-up %TGW 157   65.4 126.0 94.9 9.4
 Percentage MBMI Gain from Discharge 157   −12.8 25.4 9.2 6.0
 Percentage TGW Gain from Discharge 157   −13.5 23.9 8.8 5.7
 Weight Gain, kg, from Discharge 157   −6.7 11.9 4.6 3.0