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Table 2 Frequency of dieting, weight change, and disordered eating behaviours for male and female HPE and non-HPE participants

From: Body dissatisfaction, excessive exercise, and weight change strategies used by first-year undergraduate students: comparing health and physical education and other education students

  Males Females   
  HPEa Non-HPEb All men HPEc Non-HPEd All women
  n % n % n % n % n % n %
Dieting and weight change behaviours             
Not eating between meals 27 21.6 21 20.0 48 20.9 48 42.5 115 49.6 163 47.2
Drinking water 57 47.2 48 45.3 107 46.3 72 61.5 133 56.6 205 58.2
Diet created by self 58 46.4 33 31.7 91 39.7 67 59.3 128 55.2 195 56.5
Diet from magazine 10 8.1 7 6.6 17 7.4 18 15.7 38 16.5 56 16.2
Slimming tea 8 6.5 1 0.9 9 3.9 15 12.9 26 11.2 41 11.7
Skipping meals 18 14.4 21 19.8 39 16.9 39 33.9 87 37.3 126 36.2
Exercise 88 69.8 67 64.4 155 67.4 90 78.9 193 82.1 283 81.1
Detox products 6 4.8 6 5.7 12 5.2 12 10.5 23 9.8 35 10.0
Protein shakes/snacks/powders 58 46.0 37 35.6 95 41.3 33 28.7 58 24.8 91 26.1
Creatine 23 18.5 18 17.0 41 17.8 5 4.3 3 1.3 8 2.3
Disordered eating and unhealthy weight change behaviours             
Smoking 9 7.3 5 4.7 14 6.1 4 3.5 20 8.6 24 6.9
Fasting 12 9.7 7 6.6 19 8.3 21 18.3 38 16.3 59 17.0
Laxatives 6 4.8 1 0.9 7 3.0 5 4.4 7 3.0 12 3.5
Vomiting 9 7.3 4 3.8 13 5.7 3 2.6 11 4.7 14 4.0
Slimming pills 7 5.6 8 7.5 15 6.5 7 6.1 12 5.2 19 5.4
Excessive exercise 48 38.4 30 28.6 78 33.9 43 37.4 46 19.8 89 25.6
Anabolic steroids 9 7.3 1 1.0 10 4.4 1 0.9 0 0.0 1 0.3
  1. Note: Sample sizes differed due to missing data, but percentages were calculated with exact numbers for each variable. The following participant numbers for each cohort are provided as a guide: a n = 123–126; b n = 104–106; c n = 113–117; d n = 231–235