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Table 1 Demographic and clinical characteristics of males and females with eating disorders in a tertiary setting

From: Clinical presentation of eating disorders in young males at a tertiary setting

  Males Females
(N = 53) (N = 704)
Age (yrs), M (SD) 13.57 (2.02) 14.74 (1.56)
DSM-5 diagnosis, n (%)
 UFED 21 (39.6) 153 (21.7)
 AN 18 (34.0) 268 (38.1)
 Atypical AN 11 (20.8) 168 (23.9)
 BN 1 (1.9) 70 (9.9)
 Purging disorder 1 (1.9) 28 (4.0)
 BED 1 (1.9) 2 (0.3)
 BN with low frequency and/or limited duration 0 (0) 10 (1.4)
 BED with low frequency and/or limited duration 0 (0) 5 (0.7)
Lifetime psychiatric hospitalisations, n (%) 2 (4.3) 56 (9.5)
Current psychiatric medication use, n (%) 7 (17.9) 117 (20.4)
Age of onset (yrs), M (SD) 12.39 (2.55) 13.81 (1.66)
Illness duration (mths), median ± IQR [range] 9.00 ± 5–18 [2, 120] 8.00 ± 5–12 [1,78]
BMI z score, M (SD) −1.61 (1.45) −1.42 (1.49)
Objective binge presence, n (%) 9 (17.3) 137 (20.0)
Purging presence, n (%) 6 (11.8) 223 (32.6)
 Vomiting presence 5 (9.6) 215 (30.8)
 Laxatives presence 1 (1.9) 35 (5.8)
 Diuretics presence 0 (0) 6 (0.9)
Intense exercise presence, n (%) 27 (50.9) 362 (47.3)
Objective binge episodes in the previous 28 days, median ± IQR [range] 0 ± 0–0 [0,30] 0 ± 0–0 [0, 28]
Purging episodes in the previous 28 days, median ± IQR [range] 0 ± 0–0 [0,26] 0 ± 0–6 [0, 308]
 Vomiting episodes 0 ± 0–0 [0,26] 0 ± 0–4 [0,224]
 Laxative episodes 0 ± 0–0 [0,10] 0 ± 0–0 [0,280]
 Diuretic episodes 0 ± 0–0 [0,0] 0 ± 0–0 [0,84]
Intense exercise days in the previous 28 days, median ± IQR [range] 2.5 ± 0–28 [0,28] 4 ± 0–28 [0,28]
EDE weight concern, M (SD) 1.97 (1.50) 3.09 (1.82)
EDE shape concern, M (SD) 2.39 (1.88) 3.57 (1.81)
Any medical feature, n (%) 24 (45.3) 243 (34.5)
 Bradycardia 16 (32.7) 156 (22.6)
 Hypotension 6 (12.8) 76 (11.2)
 Hypothermia 4 (8.2) 20 (3.0)
 Poor peripheral perfusion 5 (10.6) 91 (13.6)
  1. Median +/− IQR [range] were reported when variable skewness (>3) was present in 1 or more groups
  2. UFED unspecified feeding and eating disorders, AN anorexia nervosa, BN bulimia nervosa, BED binge eating disorder, BMI body mass index, EDE Eating Disorder Examination