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Table 2 Measures at admission, discharge and follow-up

From: A systematic review of the frequency, duration, type and effect of involuntary treatment for people with anorexia nervosa, and an analysis of patient characteristics

Study(ref.): 1[[18]] 2[[19]] 3[[14]] 4[[22]] 5[[17]] 6[[15]] 7[[23]] 8[[16]]
BMI A↑*, D↑ A↓*, D↓ A↓, D↑ A↑, D↑ A↑, D↓ A↓, D↑ A, D, F A↓, D↓
Duration of illness A↑* A↑    A↑ A↑ A A↑
Age at onset ↓*        
Purging (bingeing) type   A↓ A↑    A↑ (A↓)   
Menstrual period D↑*        
M-R A, D↑        
HONOSCA A↑*, D↓*        
BDI-2 A↑*        
C-GAS A↓*, D↑*        
Preadmissions A↑* A↑* A↑   A↓ A↑*   A↑*
Prior involuntary treatment       A↑   
Comorbid psychiatric disorders A↑* A↑*     A↑   A↑
IQ A↓        A↓*
Physical or sexual abuse A↑      A↑*   
Self-harm A↑*      A↑*   
Substance abuse         A↑
SES    A↓*      
Duration of treatment ↑* ↑* ↑* ↑*   ↑*
Premature discharge        
Frequency of re-feeding syndrome   ↑*       
Frequency of tube feeding ↑* ↑*     ?  
Locked vs. open ward   ↑*       
Treatment outcome:         
Weight increase    D↑   D↑ D↑   D↑*
Days to restored weight       ↑*  
Reached target weight    D↓      D↓
Rate of weight restoration lb/week         D↑
Good outcome F↑*    D↑     
Readmissions F↓        
Death F↓      F↑*   
  1. A = Admission; D = Discharge; F = Follow-up; ↑ = higher for the involuntary group; ↓ = lower for the involuntary group; * = significant differences between groups (p< 0.05); ? = not specified; BMI = Body Mass Index; M-R = Morgan – Russell scale (eating disorder psychopathology); HONOSCA = Health of the Nation Outcome Scale for Children and Adolescents; BDI-2 = Beck Depression Inventory −2; CGAS = Children’s Global Assessment Scale: IQ = Intelligence quotient from the WAIS-R; SES = Socioeconomic Status.