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Table 1 Clinical characteristics of girls with underweight, normal weight, and overweight by weight perception accuracy n presented as means (SD)

From: In the parents’ view: weight perception accuracy, disturbed eating patterns and mental health problems among young adolescents

Weight perception accuracy Underweight Normal weight Overweight
Accurate Overestimation Underestimation Accurate Overestimation Accurate Underestimation
Background variables        
  Grade 1.91 (0.83) 1.97 (0.83) 1.87 (0.81) 1.98 (0.82) 1.86 (0.81) 1.70 (0.77) 1.80 (0.68)
  Pubertal timing 3.51 (0.71) 3.31 (0.82) 3.15 (0.73)** 2.93 (0.72) 2.85 (0.63) 2.67 (0.83) 2.64 (0.84)
  Family economy 2.14 (0.67) 2.15 (0.73) 2.22 (0.79) 2.15 (0.74) 2.19 (0.75) 2.26 (0.73) 2.45 (0.84)
  Parental education 3.38 (1.16) 3.46 (1.15) 3.45 (1.04) 3.48 (1.11) 3.21 (1.13)* 3.20 (1.09) 2.93 (1.11)
Disturbed eating patterns        
  Consciously lost weight 0.03 (1.62) 0.00 (0.00) 0.07 (0.29)* 0.03 (0.19) 0.10 (0.30)** 0.16 (0.44) 0.11 (0.31)
  Disturbed thoughts about weight/shape 0.09 (0.34) 0.02 (0.14)* 0.13 (0.36)*** 0.04 (0.22) 0.14 (0.41)*** 0.17 (0.45) 0.11 (0.35)
  Shows comfort eating 0.01 (0.12) 0.03 (0.17) 0.03 (0.23) 0.02 (0.14) 0.18 (0.47)*** 0.38 (0.64) 0.07 (0.25)***
  Feels guilty after eating 0.01 (0.1) 0.01 (0.10) 0.06 (0.27)* 0.02 (0.16) 0.17 (0.44)*** 0.26 (0.53) 0.07 (0.25)**
  Follows strict diets/rituals 0.01 (0.12) 0.01 (0.10) 0.04 (0.20)*** 0.00 (0.07) 0.04 (0.21)*** 0.06 (0.26) 0.00 (0.00)
  Is a vegetarian 0.04 (0.20) 0.04 (0.24) 0.05 (0.29) 0.02 (0.17) 0.00 (0.00) 0.02 (0.19) 0.00 (0.00)
  Provokes vomiting 0.00 (0.00) 0.02 (0.14) 0.00 (0.00) 0.00 (0.04) 0.00 (0.00) 0.01 (0.17) 0.00 (0.00)
  Is happy about physical appearance^ 0.47 (0.58) 0.39 (0.53) 0.54 (0.62) 0.45 (0.62) 0.80 (0.66)*** 0.88 (0.60) 0.57 (0.58)***
  Says he/she feels too fat 0.11 (0.39) 0.07 (0.26) 0.08 (0.30)** 0.20 (0.45) 0.73 (0.73)*** 0.99 (0.77) 0.63 (0.63)***
  Has chosen own diet 0.05 (0.23) 0.00 (0.00)* 0.06 (0.24)** 0.02 (0.16) 0.05 (0.27)* 0.05 (0.25) 0.01 (0.12)
Mental health problems        
  Emotional problems 1.60 (2.11) 1.22 (1.56) 2.03 (2.09)*** 1.09 (1.58) 1.65 (1.75)** 2.03 (2.14) 1.67 (1.83)
  Conduct problems 0.79 (1.03) 0.76 (1.00) 0.88 (1.56)* 0.66 (0.97) 0.99 (1.26)** 1.15 (1.33) 0.83 (1.31)
  Hyperactivity/inattention 2.03 (1.85) 1.97 (1.69) 2.18 (1.90)* 1.82 (1.73) 2.00 (1.83) 2.28 (1.96) 2.45 (1.04)
  Peer problems 1.11 (1.76) 1.09 (1.66) 1.42 (1.85)*** 0.74 (1.31) 1.39 (1.89) 1.71 (2.00) 1.09 (1.51)*
  1. nNote. Group differences relative to correspondence significant at *p < .05, **p < .01 and ***p < .001.
  2. ^Scores reversed.